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Cleveland Class Light Cruisers: CL-55 to
Model featured: CL-103 USS Wilkes-Barre
- circa 1946 -
The Cleveland cruiser design had four triple 6" guns, six twin 5" guns, four twin 40mm (later four quad and six twin 40mm) and ten 20mm. The ships carried four seaplanes that were launched from two aft catapults.
The Cleveland design was very successful - especially in the Pacific Theatre where many of the ships saw extensive action and proved able to withstand very heavy battle damage. The powerful anti-aircraft armament became increasing important against Kamikaze attacks, and not a single ship was lost in combat.
Most of the Clevelamd Class ships were extensively modified. From CL-66 onwards the aluminum deckhouse was replaced by a steel one.
Badly overloaded by 1945, most of the class was scrapped in the late 1950s to early 1960s. However, six ships were converted to missile cruisers in the late 1950s and continued to serve for a decade or more afterwards. Those ships were Galveston, Little Rock, Oklahoma City, Providence, Springfield and Topeka.
CL-92 Little Rock, serves today as a memorial in Buffalo New York while CL-103 Wilkes-Barre is an artificial reef in the Florida Keys.
|Listing of Cleveland Class Light Cruisers|
|Hull #||Ship's Name||Commissioned||Fate|
|CL-55||Cleveland||Jul 1942||Sold for scrap, 1960|
|CL-56||Columbia||Jul 1942||Sold for scrap, 1959|
|CL-57||Montpelier||Sep 1942||Sold for scrap, 1960|
|CL-58||Denver||Oct 1942||Sold for scrap, 1960|
|CL-59||Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL - 22 Independence|
|CL-60||Santa Fe||Nov 1942||Sold for scrap, 1959|
Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL-23 Princeton
|Jan 1943||Sold for scrap, 1959|
|CL-63||Mobile||Mar 1943||Sold for scrap, 1959|
|CL-64||Vincennes (ex Flint)||Jul 1943||Sunk as a target 1969|
|CL-65||Pasadena||Jun 1944||Sold for scrap, 1972|
|CL-66||Springfield||Sep 1944||Converted to missile cruiser CLG-7in 1957, sold for scrap, 1980|
|CL-67||Topeka||Dec 1944||Converted to missile cruiser CLG-8 in 1957, sold for scrap, 1975|
|CA-68 to CA-75||Baltimore Class Heavy Cruisers|
|CL-76||Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL-24 Belleau Wood|
|CL-77||Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL-25 Cowpens|
|CL-78||Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL-26 Monterey|
|CL-79||Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL-28 Cabot|
|CL-80||Biloxi||Aug 1943||Sold for scrap, 1962|
|CL-81||Houston||Dec 1943||Sold for scrap, 1960|
|CL-82||Providence||May 1945||Converted to missile cruiser CLG-6 in 1957, sold for scrap, 1980|
|CL-83||Manchester||Oct 1946||Sold for scrap, 1960|
|CL-85||Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL-27 Langley|
|CL-86||Vicksburg||Jun 1944||Sold for scrap, 1964|
|CL-87||Duluth||Sep 1944||Sold for scrap, 1960|
|CL-89||Miami||Dec 1943||Sold for scrap, 1962|
|CL-90||Astoria||May 1944||Sold for scrap, 1971|
|CL-91||Oklahoma City||Dec 1944||Converted to missile cruiser CLG-5 in 1957, sunk as target, 1999|
|CL-92||Little Rock||Jun 1945||Converted to missile cruiser
CLG-4 in 1957.
Opened as a memorial in Buffalo, NY, June 30th, 1979.
|CL-93||Galveston||May 1958||Converted to missile cruiser CLG-3 in 1956, sold for scrap,1973|
|CL-95 to CL-98||Oakland Class Light Cruisers|
|CL-99||Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL-29 Bataan|
|CL-100||Completed as Independence Class Aircraft Carrier CVL-30 San Jacinto|
|CL-101||Amsterdam||Jan 1945||Sold for scrap, 1972|
|CL-102||Portsmouth||Jun 1945||Sold for scrap, 1974|
|CL-103||Wilkes-Barre||Jul 1944||Sunk in underwater explosive test off Florida Keys, 1972.
Serves an an artificial reef.
|CL-104||Atlanta||Dec 1944||Converted to a test ship for high energy air explosions 1964 and sunk during a test in 1970|
|Cl-105||Dayton||Jan 1945||Sold for scrap, 1962|
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