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DD-710 Gearing Class Destroyers
Includes DDR Frank Knox Class, DDK Carpenter Class, and DDE Basilone Classes
- circa differs for the different model examples shown -

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Model showing original Gearing Class configuration



Custom model of DD-838/DDR-838 "USS Ernest G. Small" is an example of a Gearing ship originally built as a Frank Knox Class radar picket destroyer. The model is circa Korean War and shows the ship before it got FRAM modernization. The replication has many changes from the original Gearing configuration including main fire control director on bridge and number 838 on a turret.




Custom model of DD-763 "USS William Lawe" is an example of an original Gearing Class destroyer but replicated to circa 1977 - after the ship got a FRAM-1B modernization. Note removal of the #2 gun mount (replaced by triple torpedo tubes and a practice 5 inch reloading machine), sonar added underneath, ASROC added
between the funnels and addition of a hanger and helo-pad aft
with a DASH drone chopper aboard.




Custom model shows close up of the 8-tube ASROC launcher.

 



Custom model FRAM 1B replication shows hanger and torpedo laden DASH drone helicopter. However, as re-fit work varied greatly from ship to ship, we research extensively and work closely with the client to ensure accurate replication.
 





Depth charges and AA guns crowd the aft deck of a circa 1945 original Gearing destroyer. 600lb depth charges in cans rolled off the stern while K-guns along the railings fired 300lb charges over the sides to make for a wider killing zone.

Gearing Class specifications
- as originally constructed (DD) -

Length

 390 ft   6 in
Beam    40 ft 10 in
Draft    14 ft   0 in
Displacement  2,425 tons standard load
 3,480 tons fully loaded
Screws + SHP  2 screws, 60,000 SHP total
Power Plant  4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers,
 2 steam turbines
Speed  35 knots
Range  5,800 nautical miles at 15 knots
Complement  345
Armament  Six 5 inch main guns in 3 twin mounts;
16-40mm Bofors (3 quad, 2 twin mounts)18-20mm Oerlikon in twin mounts;
 Five 21" torpedoes
 56 depth charges
 6 racks of "K" guns

 
Gearing Class specifications
- after FRAM modernization -
Armament  Four 5" main guns in 2 twin mounts
Weapons  ASROC, two DASH Helicopters and
 6 homing torpedo tubes in triple mounts.
 Sometimes two Hedgehog Projectors with
 24 "ahead-throw-missiles", contact fused
Radar SPS-10 surface; SPS-8 or -30 height finding; SPS-29, -37 or -40 air search
Sonar SQS-23 Sonar System

 
Frank Knox Class specifications
Armament Originally had three twin 5 inch/38 caliber MK 12 mod 1 guns installed on MK 38 Gun Mount but post FRAM most ships lost Mount 52 for a 5"/38 cal reloading/practice machine.
Weapons MK-112 ASROC launcher and two DASH helicopters (except the 24 original DDRs)
6 homing torpedo tubes in two MK 32 Triple Torpedo mounts.
Radar SPS-8 and TACAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 
Carpenter Class specifications
Armament Originally had two (1 foreword, one aft) older 3"-70 caliber open gun mounts that FRAM replaced with the standard twin 5-inch-38 caliber closed gun mounts.

Carpenter and Robert A. Owens had one twin 5" forward (Mount 51) and MK-112 ASROC launcher while other 6 ships had twin 5" guns forward and aft (Mounts 51 and 53).
Weapons Originally MK-15 trainable Hedgehog projector (Weapon B) where the usual Mount 52 was just in front of the bridge on other Gearings. Weapon B replaced by MK-108 Weapon A.

All ships 6 homing torpedoes in 2 triple tubes

Radar Originally SPS-8 and TACAN
DASH drone
chopper
All ships got aft hanger with heli-pad and drone chopper

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Basilone Class specifications after FRAM 1B
Armament Two twin 5 inch/38 caliber MK-12 mod 1 guns installed on MK-38 gun mounts for a total of only four main guns. Hence the ships are also referred to as "4 gun Gearings".
Weapons MK-112 ASROC launcher
Two DASH Helicopters
Six homing torpedo tubes (two MK-32 Triple Torpedo mounts).
Two MK-10, 7.2" Hedgehog Projector "ahead-thrown-missiles" launches 24 - 7.2 inch missiles with contact fuses (location varied)
Any Gearing Class destroyer - custom model
* built as per your ship's hull number *
Excludes FRAM modernization and
Gearings classified as DDR Frank Knox Class, DDK Carpenter Class, DDE Basilone Class and 3 experimental ships.

Scale 1:192 / 25"
Price: $1650

1/3 deposit $550

Scale 1:150 / 31"
Price: $1899

1/3 deposit $633

Scale 1:130 / 36"
Price: $2199

1/3 deposit $733

We'll contact you for details after you order.

Prices include free world-wide shipping

Fully assembled museum quality wooden desk-top display models custom built as to your designated circa including flagging and personalized brass plate.
 

Any refitted Gearing Class destroyer including FRAM modernization, DDR Frank Knox Class, DDK Carpenter Class, DDE Basilone Class and 3 experimental ships
(see bottom table for applicable hull #s)
Custom built as per your ship's hull number and circa including FRAM modernization.

Scale 1:192 / 25"
Price: $1899

1/3 deposit $633

Scale 1:150 / 31"
Price: $2199

1/3 deposit $733

Scale 1:130 / 36"
Price: $2499

1/3 deposit $833

We'll contact you for details after ordering.

The Gearing Class was basically a stretched version of the Allen M. Sumner Class. In an attempt to increase the speed and the range of the Sumners, a 14 foot section was added amidships to increase fuel capacity. It also made for a more favorable length-to-beam ratio. The class was followed by the Forrest Sherman Class.

DD-710 USS Gearing - lead destroyer of its class - was launched February 18th, 1945 at Kearny, NY.  The destroyer was named for three generations of naval men - Henry Chalfant Gearing, Henry Chalfant Gearing, Jr. and Henry Chalfant Gearing III - the latter being lost with his ship when it was torpedoed and sunk in the Solomons in 1942. USS Gearing - sponsored by Mrs. Thomas M. Foley (daughter of Commander Gearing) - was commissioned May 3rd, 1945 and stricken July 2nd, 1973.

Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization (FRAM)

Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization - or FRAM - was a program to extend the useful lives of WWII era US Navy ships - specifically destroyers - during the time of the Eisenhower Administration who was seeking major cuts in US defense spending at the same time that the Navy faced a growing strategic threat from the Russian submarine force. With the Soviets having over 300 fast-attack submarines in service by 1957 and forecasted to pose an ominous threat with long range torpedoes by the 1960s, the US Navy - at the helm of Admiral Burke - found a solution to the problem in a combination of two "stand-off" weapon systems called ASROC and DASH.

ASROC  was an ASW (anti-submarine warfare) system for a 1-5 mile range that launched a solid-fuel rocket which carried a torpedo or depth-bomb payload. DASH  was a 900 lb coaxial drone helicopter with an ASW range of 22 miles. While both ASROC and DASH delivered the same weapon (MK-44 Torpedo) DASH was special in that it could be re-called if the target turned out to be friendly.

FRAM was not a simple process as it involved reconstruction of three different classes of destroyers, three different classes of Destroyer Escorts, and the Destroyer Tenders that would keep those destroyers and destroyer escorts armed and supplied. Occurring in the late-1950s to mid-1960s, the rebuilding of the ships was not only different per class of ships, but the installation (known as FRAM 1) or just a modernization of the ship (known as FRAM 2) could be different within a specific class as well. Furthermore, while many ships received FRAM, not all received DASH while others received DASH and ASROC. Finally there were some further differences from ship to ship.

The three main destroyer types that received FRAM reconstruction were the Fletcher, Sumner and Gearing classes. By 1965, 168 destroyers of all types had received FRAM reconstruction or modernization.

Gearing Destroyers and FRAM

Many Gearing destroyers had been earlier modified for specific missions (i.e. Radar Picket or DDR Frank Knox Class, Hunter-Killer destroyers or DDK Carpenter Class, and Anti-Submarine Warfare or DDE Basilone Class). FRAM was different for all variants. Eventually all but 3 of the 98 Gearings that were commissioned got FRAM rehabilitation or modernization.

FRAM 1: Developed primarily for the Gearing class, it was a complete reconstruction of the ship that extended the life of a destroyer by 8 years and was much more than FRAM 2. FRAM 1 included the rebuilding of the superstructure, rehabilitated the engines and electronics and installed ASROC, DASH, SQS-23 Sonar, new radars for air search, surface search and height-finding, and 2 triple Mk-32 torpedo launchers. FRAM 1 required the destroyer to lose one of its twin 5" caliber gun mounts. The FRAM 1 reconstruction was somewhat different for the top deck arrangement of the Gearings resulting in two distinct variants.

FRAM 1 "A": Removal of aft twin 5" caliber gun mount (Mount 53). Group A ships also received two Hedgehogs fitted on each side of the bridge at the O-1 level and had the Mk-32 triple torpedo launchers aft of the second stack.

FRAM 1 "B": Removal of the second twin 5" caliber gun mount (Mount 52, just in front of the bridge). In place of mount 52, a practice 5-inch reloading machine was installed and the Mk-32 triple torpedo launchers were placed aft of the loader. Group B ships also had more ASROC + torpedo storage area next to the port side of the DASH hangar. There are distinct differences in this group of ships with some having taller masts than others.

FRAM 2: Developed primarily for the Sumner Class, it did include most versions of Gearing destroyers and was mostly a modernization program. FRAM 2 extended the life of a destroyer by about 5 years, installed DASH, Mk-32 torpedo launchers, new air search, surface search and height-finding radars and variable depth sonar (VDS). There are distinct differences in this group of ships as regards the new 3" gun mounts being placed either "inline" or "offset".

FRANK KNOX CLASS Radar Picket - DDR variant
A total of 36 Gearing Class hulls were converted from DD to Frank Knox Class DDRs (January 1945 through 1953) and were fitted with early warning radar to serve as long range-warning picket vessels against aircraft attack. The first 24 ships were converted before commissioning. They were:
DDR-711 Eugene A. Greene
DDR-713 Kenneth D. Bailey
DDR-714 William R. Rush
DDR-715 William M. Wood
DDR-742 Frank Knox
DDR-743 Southerland
DDR-784 McKean
DDR-805 Chevalier
DDR-806 Higbee
DDR-807 Benner
DDR-808 Dennis J. Buckley
DDR-817 Corry
DDR-829 Myles C. Fox
DDR-830 Everett F. Larson
DDR-831 Goodrich
DDR-832 Hanson
DDR-833 Herbert J. Thomas
DDR-834 Turner
DDR-835 Charles P. Cecil
DDR-838 Ernest G. Small
DDR-842 Fiske
DDR-863 Steinaker
DDR-870 Fechteler
DDR-873 Hawkins

Another 12 ships were converted in 1952 after being first commissioned as original Gearing Class destroyers:
DD/DDR-874 Duncan
DD/DDR-876 Rogers
DD/DDR-875 Henry W. Tucker
DD/DDR-877 Perkins
DD/DDR-878 Vesole
DD/DDR-879 Leary
DD/DDR-881 Bordelon
DD/DDR-880 Dyess
DD/DDR-882 Furse
DD/DDR-883 Newman K. Perry
DD/DDR-888 Stickell
DD/DDR-889 O'Hare

In 1960 all DDRs were reconverted back to DDs except the Duncan, Ernest G. Small, Frank Knox, Goodrich, Kenneth D. Bailey and Turner. Those 6 ships stayed as DDRs and underwent FRAM II conversion in 1960-1961. The remaining 30 ships that converted back to DD instead got a special FRAM 1 modernization later which included DASH. (See bottom table)

All DDRs when built or converted had the new SPS-8 radar installed with the antenna located aft of the No. 2 stack on the after superstructure as the antenna was too heavy for the tripod mast to support. At the same time the original SP radar was replaced with the Tactical Air Navigation System (TACAN).

When FRAM I and II conversions began to occur in 1960, the radar antennas were again displaced. This time they were removed and replaced with new antennas on top of a new main mast forward of the number 1 stack that replaced the original tri-pod mast the ship had originally. This occurred on all 36 vessels of the Frank Knox Class. On the new main mast was the AN/SPS-10 and AN/SPS-40 radar sweep antennas. On top of the DASH Hangar (except for the 6 remaining DDRs) were installed the new ECM antennas. Of special note, 3 of the remaining DDRs received the very large SPS-30 height finding radar which had a 200+ mile range.

CARPENTER CLASS Hunter/Killer - DDK variant
Eight Gearing Class hulls were completed as Carpenter Class DDK "Hunter/Killer" ships:

DDK-764 Lloyd Thomas
DDK-765 Keppler
DDK-825 Carpenter
DDK-827 Robert A. Owens
DDK-858 Fred T. Berry
DDK-859 Norris
DDK-860 McCaffery
DDK-861 Harwood

The eight ships remained rated as DDKs until March 4, 1950 when the DDK and DDE types merged and they were then rated as DDEs. All eight vessels were reclassified back to DD on June 30, 1962.

The DDK conversion, which consisted of special equipment to locate, track and destroy enemy submarines, consisted of the MK-100 Underwater Fire control system to coordinate the firing of the MK-23 torpedo launchers using MK-35 or MK-37 homing torpedoes. The MK-56 fire control system controlled the MK-15 trainable Hedgehog weapons projector (Weapon B) which was installed where usually the second forward twin 5-inch gun mount would be located (Mount 52) on a standard Gearing.

These ships were eventually equipped with the MK-108 Weapon A which fired a fast-sinking 250-lb charge approximately 1000 yards. Combined with the latest radar of the time, the Carpenter Class ships had the highest ASW capability of any destroyer class prior to FRAM . While Hedgehog was eventually removed prior to FRAM as Weapon A was more effective, the Carpenter Class set the strategy for greater stand-off weapons which would be expanded in the FRAM program.

BASILONE CLASS Anti-Submarine Warfare - DDE
Two Gearing Class destroyers (Basilone & Epperson) were converted to anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and completed as destroyer escorts (DDE). Five other "4-gun Gearings" were re-designated DDE on 4 March 1950. These seven ships formed the Basilone Class and were:

DDE-719 Epperson
DD/DDE-819 Holder
DD/DDE-820 Rich
DDE-824 Basilone
DD/DDE-847 Robert E. Wilson
DD/DDE-871 Damato

All seven ships underwent FRAM 1B reconstruction and by July 1962 all had been reclassified back as DDs. All ships kept their most forward 5 inch mount (Mount 51), lost the second mount (Mount 52) behind it and kept their aft 5 inch mount (Mount 53). In place of Mount 52, a practice 5 inch reloading machine was installed with the MK-32 triple torpedo launchers aft of the loader. The ships also received greater ASROC and torpedo storage areas next to the port side of the DASH hangar.

LIST of CLASSIFICATION CHANGES and FRAM MODERNIZATION for all Gearing Class Destroyers
Note: Ships previously re-configured as DDR, DDK or DDE did not receive a "standard" FRAM 1A, or FRAM 1B, or FRAM  2
but rather got a special FRAM fitted to their different configurations existing at the time.


EDD = experimental destroyer (3 ships total - none received a FRAM, the other special classes below all did)
DDR = radar picket destroyer (Gearing destroyer re-configured into the Frank Knox Class, 1945 - 1953)
DDK = hunter/ killer destroyer (Gearing destroyer re-configured into the Carpenter Class, April 1949)
DDE =  dedicated ASW destroyer (Gearing destroyer re-configured into the Basilone Class, 1950)

Hull # Name

DDR

DDK DDE Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization (FRAM)
FRAM 1A FRAM 1B FRAM 2
DD-710 Gearing - 1B -
DD-711 Eugene A. Greene converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-712 Gyatt                  (EDD)

tested advances in missile technology (DD-712 > DDG-712 > DDG-1)

DD-713 Kenneth D. Bailey built as DDR, stayed DDR - - no DASH + VDS
DD-714 William R. Rush converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-715 William M. Wood converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-716 Wiltsie - 1B -
DD-717 Theodore E. Chandler - 1B -
DD-718 Hamner - 1B -
DD-719 Epperson DDE - 1B -
DD-720 Castle

not completed

DD-721 Woodrow Thompson

not completed

DD-742 Frank Knox built as DDR, stayed DDR  - - no DASH + VDS
DD-743 Southerland converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-763 William C. Lawe - 1B -
DD-764 Lloyd Thomas DDK DDE FRAM 1 - DASH, no ASROC, kept aft gun -
DD-765 Keppler DDK DDE FRAM 1 - DASH, no ASROC, kept aft gun -
DD-766 Landsdale not completed, bow section to DD-844
DD-767 Seymore O. Owens not completed, bow section toDDR-838
DD-768 Hoel not completed
DD-769 Abner Read not completed
DD-782 Rowan - 1B -
DD-783 Gurke - 1B -
DD-784 McKean converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-785 Henderson - 1B -
DD-786 Richard B. Anderson 1A - -
DD-787 James E. Kyes - 1B -
DD-788 Hollister - 1B -
DD-789 Eversole 1B -
DD-790 Shelton 1A - -
DD-791 Seamen

not commissioned

DD-805 Chevalier converted to DDR, back to DD  - - DASH + VDS
DD-806 Higbee converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-807 Benner converted to DDR, back to DD  - - DASH + VDS
DD-808 Dennis J. Buckley converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
 DD-809 to  DD-816 (not named)

cancelled

DD-817 Corry converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-818 New DDE  - 1B -
DD-819 Holder DDE  - 1B -
DD-820 Rich DDE  - 1B -
DD-821 Johnston - 1B -
DD-822 Robert H. McCard - 1B -
DD-823 Samuel B. Roberts - 1B -
DD-824 Basilone DDE  - 1B -
DD-825 Carpenter DDK DDE FRAM 1 - DASH + ASROC, lost aft gun
DD-826 Agerholm 1A - -
DD-827 Robert A. Owens DDK DDE FRAM 1 - DASH + ASROC, lost aft gun
DD-828 Timmerman       (EDD)

experimental steam propulsion

DD-829 Myles C. Fox converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-830 Everett F. Larson built as DDR, stayed DDR  - - DASH + VDS
DD-831 Goodrich converted to DDR, back to DD - - no DASH + VDS
DD-832 Hanson converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-833 Herbert J. Thomas converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-834 Turner built as DDR, stayed DDR - - no DASH + VDS
DD-835 Charles P. Cecil converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1,includes DASH -
DD-836 George K. MacKenzie - 1B -
DD-837 Sarsfield - 1B -
DD-838 Ernest G. Small built as DDR, stayed DDR - - no DASH + VDS
DD-839 Power - 1B -
DD-840 Glennon - 1B -
DD-841 Noa 1A - -
DD-842 Fiske converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-843 Warrington - 1B -
DD-844 Perry 1A - -
DD-845 Baussell 1A - -
DD-846 Ozbourn - 1B -
DD-847 Robert L. Wilson DDE 1B
DD-848 Witek                 (EDD) experimentalpump jet propulsion

DD-849 Richard E. Kraus - 1B -
DD-850 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. - 1B -
DD-851 Rupertus - 1B -
DD-852 Leonard F. Mason - 1B -
DD-853 Charles H. Roan - 1B -
  DD-854 to  DD-856

cancelled

DD-858 Fred T. Berry DDK DDE FRAM 2 - DASH, no ASROC, kept aft gun
DD-859 Norris DDK DDE FRAM 2 - DASH, no ASROC, kept aft gun
DD-860 McCaffery DDK DDE FRAM 2 - DASH, no ASROC, kept aft gun
DD-861 Harwood DDK DDE FRAM 2 - DASH, no ASROC, kept aft gun
DD-862 Vogelgesang - 1B -
DD-863 Steinaker converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-864 Harold J. Ellison - 1B -
DD-865 Charles R. Ware - 1B -
DD-866 Cone - 1B -
DD-867 Stribling 1A - -
DD-868 Brownson 1A - -
DD-869 Arnold J. Isbell - 1B -
DD-870 Fechteler converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-871 Damato DDE   1B
DD-872 Forrest Royal - 1B -
DD-873 Hawkins converted to DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-874 Duncan built as DDR, stayed DDR  - - no DASH + VDS
DD-875 Henry W. Tucker built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-876 Rogers built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-877 Perkins built as DDR, back to DD  - - DASH + VDS
DD-878 Vesole built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-879 Leary built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-880 Dyess built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-881 Bordelon built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-882 Furse built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-883 Newman K. Perry built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-884 Floyd B. Parks - 1B -
DD-885 John R. Craig - - FRAM 2
DD-886 Orleck - 1B -
DD-887 Brinkley Bass - 1B -
DD-888 Stickell built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-889 O'Hare built as DDR, back to DD FRAM 1, includes DASH -
DD-890 Meredith 1A - -
DD-891 to  DD-926 (not named) cancelled

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